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EU-budget x3 voor grens- en migratiecontrole

Europa trekt zijn budget voor migratiebeleid op met 50% en verviervoudigt bijna het budget voor grenscontroles. Daarbovenop komt nog 12 miljard extra voor 8.500 bijkomende grens- en kustwachters. In totaal stelt de EU-Commissie voor om in de nieuwe meerjarenbegroting ruim 34 miljard euro te voorzien voor migratie en grenscontroles, een verdrievoudiging ten opzichte van vandaag.

De investeringen die de Europese Commissie nu voorstelt, zijn broodnodig. Ze zijn meteen een duidelijk signaal aan alle Europeanen dat de EU er is om hen te beschermen. De meest kwetsbaren beschermen en opvangen, maar ook ons zelf effectief beschermen tegen criminelen en terreur. Wij zullen deze forse budgetverhoging steunen. Het betekent dat we de Europese samenwerking op het vlak van migratie, veiligheid en grenscontroles erg fors zullen versterken en verankeren. We nodigen alle fracties, ook de zogenaamde eurorealisten in het EP, uit om zich hier achter te scharen en hun koudwatervrees aan de kant te schuiven bij de stemming over de begroting.

De voorstellen van de Europese Commissie

In total, €34.9 billion will be made available for migration and border control over the next 7-year period, up from around €13 billion under the current financial period:

  1. A 51% increase is proposed for the budget for migration policy from the current €6.9 billion to €10.4 billion.
  2. A fourfold increase is proposed for border management funding under the new Integrated Border Management Fund from the current €2.7 billion (2014-2020) up to €9.3 billion (+241%).
  3. Moreover, the Commission has proposed to allocate more than €12 billion to the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, and nearly €900 million to the European Union Agency for Asylum (currently EASO).
  1. Fourfold increase in the European border management budget

Since 7 April 2017, Member States are obliged to carry out systematic checks against relevant databases on EU citizens who are crossing the EU’s external borders, in addition to the systematic checks already being carried out on all third-country nationals entering the Schengen zone. Under the new Integrated Border Management Fund, Member States will be given additional support. This includes support for infrastructure, equipment (for example scanners) and IT systems for border control, but also support for training of border guards and for actions aimed at improving intra-agency cooperation. Member States will also be able to cover staff costs and running costs for the mandatory systematic checks at external borders.

  1. More than €12 billion to strengthen the European Border and Coast Guard

In addition to the €9.3 billion under the Integrated Border Management Fund, and to be presented separately, more than €12 billion will be dedicated to further strengthening the European Border and Coast Guard Agency – including the financing of the new standing corps of around 10,000 border guards.

  1. 51% increase for the budget for migration policy

The new fund will support the ongoing efforts and further increase support for managing migration, focusing on: more support to Member States under the most migratory pressure; countering irregular migration, increasing the effective return of those people who have no right to stay and cooperation on readmission with third countries; more support for legal migration and the early integration of legally staying non-EU citizens. At the same time, such support will be greatly complemented by the additional funds dedicated under the EU’s external policy to tackle the external dimension of migration, including efforts to tackle the root causes of irregular migration, improve opportunities in countries of origin, enhance cooperation on return and readmission and legal migration.

Bron: Europese Commissie: Questions and Answers: Future EU Financing for Borders and Migration. http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-18-4127_en.htm

 

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